2.2In this chapter we describe the range of civil pecuniary penalties and the current extent of their use. We also explain the scope of the project and give a brief overview of other forms of civilly-enforced penalties and remedies on the statute book. A description of the various penalties and remedies on the statute book reinforces some of the general points made in this review. They illustrate that legislators are turning to an ever-widening range of interventions to ensure that legislation is effectively enforced. There is growing inconsistency around the terminology used and an appearance of piecemeal and ad hoc development of some of these solutions. Our aim in this review is to avoid any such future development of civil pecuniary penalties and to ensure that there is a principled and considered framework for their use.